Regardless of the breed and size of the dog, teeth are an important tool. Puppies lose their milk teeth until they are 6 months old. Often you chew on furniture and shoes to speed up the painful change of teeth. An adult dog has 42 teeth, which should be well preserved with regular grooming.
To prevent diseases or inflammation, ensure that your four-legged friend has adequate dental hygiene. Untreated dental problems can lead to general diseases of vital organs.
The flow of saliva has a natural tooth-cleaning effect; this is increased when you move, so movement is also important for dental health.
However, if the dog's natural self-cleaning is no longer sufficient, you can make it easier for him to clean his teeth by giving him various chewing items. Intensive chewing, for example on a bone, cleans the teeth sufficiently. You are spoiled for choice with a huge selection of chewing items, but chewing bones, chewing rolls, pig ears, beef ears and rabbit ears are particularly popular. Non-edible chewing items such as balls and bones are also offered, which keep the dog busy for a long time.
Feeding the wrong food can also affect dental health. Among other things, this can lead to soft plaque, tartar and bad breath. Since your dog does not have to chew too much when feeding softened or small chunks of dry food or wet food, food residues are deposited between or on the teeth. This can lead to inflammation as a result. Always make sure that the food you feed your dog is sugar-free. This also applies to treats and chewing bones, etc.
There are also special dog toothbrushes or dog toothpastes for cleaning the teeth. The toothpastes are also offered in dog-friendly flavors, these taste good to the four-legged friends and thus make it easier to brush their teeth. However, get your dog used to this treatment as a puppy.
Signs of problems
Alarm signals for a dental disease or inflammation of the gums are plaque on the teeth, yellowish / brownish discolored teeth, bad breath and also brownish discolored gum margins. For a quick and correct diagnosis as well as for further treatment, it is best to see a veterinarian.
You can also have your dog's tartar removed professionally by a vet, usually under anesthesia, to prevent further spread or inflammation.