Before bringing in a puppy, there are a few things that you need to know about. How do I properly train my puppy? How can I teach him something new? How often do I have to feed him and take him for a walk?
With all these questions, some important things are often overlooked, for example the question of the right vaccinations. It is only when you pick up the puppy that you often find out that you have to take care of such things.
In the best case, the breeder has informed you well about the necessary vaccinations, or, if you have your puppy from the animal shelter, the responsible persons there.
Why does my puppy need to be vaccinated?
After the puppy is born, suckling the mother's milk provides him with enough antibodies. But after a while, this basic immunization wears off and it is time to have the puppy vaccinated against some underlying diseases.
Especially when playing outdoors with other puppies, it is important that the little rascal is protected from certain pathogens.
In the eighth week, the puppy is usually vaccinated by the breeder. These vaccinations are usually against distemper (S), hepatitis (H), parvovirus (P) and leptospirosis (L).
What vaccinations does my puppy need?
After the puppy has moved in with you and has already passed the vaccinations mentioned above, the new owner must now decide when and how often the puppy should be vaccinated. Of course, there are recommendations here regarding which vaccination plan would be useful.
The full vaccination schedule:
The guideline of the Standing Vaccination Commission for Veterinary Medicine (StIKo Vet) recommends the full vaccination schedule. This provides for the repetition of the vaccinations of the eighth week (i.e. distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and leptospirosis) in the 12th and 15th week. In addition, the puppy should also be vaccinated against rabies in the 12th week.
At the age of 15 months, these vaccinations, including the rabies vaccination, should then be refreshed.
Thereafter, the vaccination against leptospirosis is repeated annually, the vaccination against hepatitis, parvovirus and distemper should be repeated every third year.
The easy vaccination schedule:
Since the young dog sometimes does not tolerate vaccinations as well as an adult dog, a lighter vaccination schedule can be used.
This stipulates that vaccination against parvovirus, dust and hepatitis is carried out in the eighth week, and this is repeated in the 12th or 13th week. The rabies vaccination should only take place separately after the 12th week and not at the same time as the other vaccinations. The reason for this is that the rabies vaccination is often not so well tolerated, especially if it is not administered individually.
From the 16th week you can then be vaccinated again against parvovirus, dust and hepatitis and then one last time at 6 months. From this age onwards, the puppy's immune system is fully developed.
If you are not sure which vaccination plan to choose, the best thing to do is to consult a veterinarian!