The first steps with the new puppy

At about 8-12 weeks the time has finally come and you can welcome your long-awaited family member in his new home. Carefully plan the acquisition of the new family member as it will take him / her a few weeks to get used to it. Even if the first few days are very exciting for you as a new dog owner and your new puppy, you should start with the education from the beginning, because this enables a harmonious coexistence between humans and animals.


House training

Die ersten Schritte mit dem neuen Welpen -

One of the first challenges is often to get your young puppy house trained. After eating, drinking, playing or sleeping, pick him up and take him for a walk immediately until he has done his business. Then reward him with treats and a pleasant “Fine” or “Well done”. If the puppy does do its business inside, pick it up immediately and carry it outside. The same applies here: As soon as he is outside, give praise and reward with a treat.


The clicker method

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The clicker training should make it easier for you to reward your dog at the right time. Dogs have a shorter attention span and in the ten seconds it takes you to fish a treat out of your pocket, your dog may no longer know what he has done well. The clicker training does not replace the treat, on the contrary, after the click a treat should come immediately so that your dog can make positive associations. The dog connects the signal with a sense of achievement. The clicker method is used for all commands and has to be learned first. 


The first steps for clicking are "click -> give food", "click -> give food", practice several times a day. Your dog will know within a very short time that there will be food after clicking. If the dog has linked this click with the feeding, light exercises can already be incorporated, such as the command "sit" = dog sits down -> clickers -> give food. You can also combine this application with several commands such as "Place" or "Come".


It would be advisable to use this method to get him used to his sleeping place, e.g. command "basket", "box" or "bed" (depending on your preference), dog is in the sleeping place -> clickers -> give food. If he can already do that, step away from the sleeping area, the dog should stay there. Initially, a few seconds are enough to reward the dog by clicking -> give food. Repeat the last exercise until your dog understands you correctly.  


Correct misconduct

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If your dog shows any wrongdoing, you need to give him an immediate warning. In addition to strict wording, body language is also important, because the dog has to accept you as the pack leader. For example, a puppy likes to chew on shoes. Take his shoe off and speak in a sharp tone. It can also be possible that your little bully does a lot more things such as doing his business in the apartment or house, hopping on the living room couch, which is not wanted, stealing something from the table, snatching your things and chewing it up. But don't worry, this is completely "normal", always be consistent and patient.


Puppy groups

The upbringing does not only have to take place in your own four walls, but you can already attend a puppy course or a puppy play group in the dog school with your puppy. Among other things, it is a prerequisite that your dog has already received all of the necessary vaccinations, including booster sessions. Here your dog is socialized with other conspecifics - this is an essential component for the dog's positive character formation. Especially when you are a puppy, you can use your dog's drive to play or eat optimally for training. Many bonding exercises are important, because here the dog learns that it is always positive with the dog handler and this is an important prerequisite for being able to call up the dog in undesirable or dangerous situations. 


Getting used to sounds and different situations

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In addition to the commands, it is also important to familiarize your dog with all the impressions of daily life, the imprinting phase begins very early. At best, the breeder supports them. In its familiar environment, the puppy will quickly get used to noises such as the vacuum cleaner, the bell, the television, etc.

In order to show your young dog a wide range of smells and noises, especially at a young age, take him everywhere with you, get him used to traffic, to a restaurant, to a stroll through town, etc. Let him know that he has nothing to be afraid of and himself can always feel safe with you. No matter which exercise you want to teach your dog or which new situation you want to get used to, always practice in short units and many repetitions so as not to overwhelm the dog. Only when he has mastered the last step should you move on to the next step.

If you want to get your puppy used to city traffic, stand still in one spot and get your dog used to all sounds, smells, and movements. If the dog is relaxed and not showing any anxious or noticeable behavior, you can take a few steps, after which you can reward your dog. If your dog shows conspicuous behavior such as insecurity or fearfulness, please do not comfort him, the dog has to process this alone and link it so that nothing happens to him. Otherwise you confirm this undesirable behavior.


A very exciting time with your new four-legged friend starts now, but it will pass just as quickly!


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